October 1, 2020 marks the 62nd birthday of the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA). The agency was founded in 1958, the same year that President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the national aerospace law and a year after the Soviets launched Sputnik 1, the world’s first artificial satellite. NASA was designed from the start to push the boundaries of space exploration with aerospace and aerospace research, as well as a civil space program.
From footprints on the moon in 1969, to launching satellites into space in 1972 to capture images of the earth’s surface, to a scheduled 2020 mission to collect samples from Mars, NASA is expanding our understanding of the vastness of the planet Further space and changing the way We perceive our solar system (and everything that goes beyond it). NASA has collected unimaginable footage, produced first-hand space reports, and sponsored cutting-edge research. By creating new technologies and processes, NASA laid a foundation for ideas that were previously just theories.
As the agency relentlessly paved the way for astronomical discovery, NASA also invented a number of technologies that we use in our daily lives. These include artificial limbs, LASIK surgeries, improved water filtration, camera phones, freeze-dried foods, memory foam, LED lights, and even the Dust Buster. In fact, it was a NASA scientist who invented the Super Soaker spray gun. In honor of NASA’s birthday, Stacker has compiled a list of key astronomy and astrophysics terms from various authoritative sources in science communication, including Crash Course: Astronomy, How Stuff Works, and International Comet Quarterly. Read on to learn the terms that are commonly used in this fascinating field.
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